According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the most dangerous threat for health of mankind emerging within the next years is polluted water. Though polluted water and water shortages demand for a sustainable water usage and recycling of wastewater, the barriers are high to adopt these outside of Europe: Clean water as basis for health and good living conditions is too far out of reach for the majority of the population. Thus, neither sustainable consumption nor reinforcement of governmental regulations are effective drivers to force the industry to adopt sustainability policies.
Membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology is regarded as a key element of advanced wastewater reclamation and reuse schemes and can considerably contribute to sustainable water management. MBR technology is used for wastewater treatment and reuse in municipal, agricultural and a variety of industrial sectors in Europe and Middle East and North Africa (MENA).